The Mayan tribe was a group of Mesoamerican individuals who are well-known for their advanced level of written language, art, architecture, mathematical, and astronomical systems; in which case have been documented as some of the earliest southern American forms of advanced civilization. Presently, the Mayan's are well-known for their accurate calendar from centuries ago which depicts the apparent doomsday of the world. However, aside from their extremely developed culture and calendar, the Mayan's seem to get little recognition of their intelligent approach to settling on an area of land that had multiple ecosystems all within boarding to each other. As these multiple and different areas of land could serve a multitude of purposes.
Most Mayans settled and controlled most of the Yucatan Peninsula, which was comprised of highlands in the south, and the lowlands belonging in the central and northern regions of the area. The Mayan low lands were limestone shelves boarded on the north and west by the Gulf of Mexico. As the land had no rivers or lakes, the climate was mostly hot, with seasons of insufficient rain. In contrast, the high lands were an area of mountains and valleys that were often times hit by earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis. However, the high lands also had extremely rich soil, and the weather was much cooler making it much easier to plant and grow the necessary crops. Although the Mayans were a well-established and very efficient society in the South American region, their civilization unfortunately lasted only until 900 AD.